“Paulownia Plantations are enjoying these times a growing interest across the whole European continent.
If hundreds of years ago the Chinese population used to plant this tree almost entirely for ornamental purposes, the massive deforestations that occurred in the last two decades, the development of wood processing industries, the increased demand for timber, the emergence and development of more and more plants using biomass for electricity generation and also the accelerated growth of wood prices, turns each Paulownia wood plantation into a real gold mine for its owner.
I personally met the Paulownia Development team and I highly recommend them to each potential investor in Romania!”
– Gheri Roberto, administrator,
Ghery Vivai Piante, Italy
Paulownia Development provide to its customers:
- Paulownia seedling plant (exclusively the species Tomentosa)
- Complete planting services
- Information for subsequent care of the cultivation
- The possibility of association with other Paulownia Tomentosa timber and biomass producers to obtain the best price when selling timber
Regardless of the type of land you own, its orientation or the surface, before planting the Tomentosa seedlings, the soil needs ploughing and aeration, activities which are the owner’s responsibilities.
Related to this aspect, there are different opinions; some consider these operations as unnecessary; however, the Paulownia Development experts agree that only respecting every rule, every detail regarding planting and caring Paulownia Tomentosa, you get both the best timber and a significant amount of biomass.
In addition, in terms of profitability, it is important for us to get a mature plantation to harvest within 4 years, and not 6 or 7 years.
Precisely for this reason, we give so much importance to each aspect related to the Paulownia Tomentosa seedling growth to the point where it becomes timber. The owner’s responsibilities are soil preparation and plant permanent irrigation for a period of 10 weeks. It is not necessary a professional irrigation system, given that most soils are in rural areas where water and labour costs is relatively small, depending on the area planted, its landscape, accessibility and it may be chosen (the most rudimentary variant, indeed, but very cheap) mobile irrigation from water tanks of 1 to 2 cubic metres transported between the Paulownia rows by wagon or tractor.
The cultivation and plantation professional services provided by Paulownia Development, by considering each risk factor and meeting the demands imposed by forestry specialists and the teachers of the University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca, together with the owner’s involvement in the prior preparation of the soil and plant irrigation will guarantee the investment success.
Paulownia Development offers guarantee on each plant, provided that the owner ensures proper irrigation in the entire plantation for a period of 10 weeks.
There are 17 known species of Paulownia cultivated for thousands of years in different parts of the world, with a wide range of growth habits and performance. However, few of them are commercially effective and only some of the individuals within these species are tall, upright, and fast-growing trees. A variety that grows well in the first year does not mean will subsequently maintain this rhythm and, then may never achieve the commercial characteristics of mature Paulownia tree. Following research, our distributors and collaborators showed that at least 2-3 years of growth will be needed to ensure that the tree that is fast growing, even at an early age, will give us in time, to each cutting cycle, a log that meets our expectations both in terms of quality and quantity.
Like any area that has experienced a similar expansion, Paulownia has suffered from widespread propagation of inferior varieties. In the early 2000s, when Paulownia became increasingly popular in Europe, the most important suppliers in Spain and Italy would use small batches of seedlings for supply obtained from open pollinated seeds. Very few have preserved the original pure lines for delivery. In order to guarantee performance, it is imperious to know the origin of seedlings; planting the Paulownia trees from shrubs, roots, tissues (clones) or from seeds of trees that have reached sexual maturity (10-15 years after planting), randomly grew or cultivated for ornamental purposes, requires an inefficient investment with uncertain outcomes, certainly not recommended.
In order to ensure the success of each investment in the Paulownia plantation, following research and comparisons between numerous varieties of species, considering the genetic changes in this shrub, weather conditions and landscape in Romania as well as the ultimate goal pursued by investors, namely a high quality timber in a short time, the Paulownia Development has used the original material, genetically modified, Paulownia Tomentosa for survival in cold weather in our country.
Even if, initially, when you decide to plant Paulownia, the plant origin, difference in plant performance in terms of growth rate and wood quality do not seem the most important criteria and aspects to consider, subsequently, at the moment of the timber exploitation, you will realize the importance of choosing a partner who gives careful consideration to every detail in order to maximize your investment. For instance, a difference in the trunk diameter of 2 inches, from 39 to 41 cm, worth 50 € more for each running meter of logs. Therewith, due to the process of treating timber, the cut costs, handling, storage and transport, of a tree with a diameter of 30 cm in the section is over 50% more valuable than one with a diameter of only 15% less, i.e. 25 cm.
Finally, even a minor difference in the selection of the seedlings to be planted can contribute in a considerable way to achieve the success rate initially projected.
Below, this is an eloquent example, in this regard: a Paulownia Tomentosa certified by Paulownia Development (left), and ordinary Paulownia (right) growing from seeds and seedlings without certificate of origin. Plants were grown for 15 months under identical conditions.